South America is a continent in the southern hemisphere.
It is surrounded by the Pacific, Atlantic and Southern oceans.
South America occupies the southern portion of the American landmass. The continent is generally delimited on the northwest by the Darién watershed along the Colombia–Panama border, although some may consider the border instead to be the Panama Canal. Geopolitically and geographically all of Panama – including the segment east of the Panama Canal in the isthmus – is typically included inNorth America alone and among the countries of Central America.
Almost all of mainland South America sits on the South American Plate. South America's triangular shape gives it the shortest coastline, for its size, of any of the continents.
South America is also well known for its wildlife, such as jaguars, monkeys, anacondas, piranhas, llamas, tapirs, macaws, capybara, pumas, anteaters, sloths, armadillos and chinchillas.